Oh-bey- to comply with or follow the commands, restrictions, wishes, or instructions of

Years ago, I only paid attention to the wind on a stalk.  That is like an elk hunter who only considers the wind after a bull answers. Both strategies are flawed. I’ve learned that I must obey the wind long before I even see a deer.  By obeying, I mean I let the wind decide how I’m going to hunt a certain area.

I’ve written about the incredible defense a mule deer buck’s giant ears offer him.  I suggest that his nose is just as a formidable opponent.  Many a great buck has escaped me due to his nose.  These include last year’s 18-yard opportunity at the 200″+ buck I call Jalepeno on Live Hunt (see video Day 10) and the 2012 Colorado buck I chased on this Live Hunt (see post #202 specifically.)  I figure for every buck I know that winded me, five escape without me ever knowing they existed.  

Some biologists estimate that a mule deer’s sense of smell is up to 1,000 times stronger than a human’s. Research suggests that a mule deer can detect human odor at up to a half mile away — I believe…

One evening a few years back, hunting in Idaho’s high country, I spotted a 180-class buck feeding on a bench below an avalanche chute.  I quickly moved within 450 yards and set up.  As I looked him over deciding if I was going to punch my tag, I felt the breeze shift.  Within seconds, he slowly lifted his head, and put his nose to the wind.   Without second thought he disappeared into the timber, forever. 

Deer constantly monitor the wind.  They lick their noses to keep them moist, which helps odor particles stick, further improving their sense of smell. I believe a big buck — say five years or older — will only move with the wind at his tail if he’s certain no danger lies ahead.  More often I see them moving into the wind, doubling their ability to sense danger before it’s too late.   A big buck will bed in a place where the prevailing wind is finicky and changes directions frequently. It’s a survival instinct that bucks continue to hone over the years.

High country is most challenging due to the fact that deer there rarely smell humans.  One whiff of a man and they are gone, often for the season. That is the problem with just a few guys hunting sloppy in high country. They can completely ruin an entire drainage by not obeying the wind and moving wrong.  Smaller, less experienced bucks will stick around, giving the illusion that the big ones are there, but they aren’t. The scent of a hunter drifting down the basin in the pre-dawn darkness sent those big deer into the timber long before first light.  

In lower, thicker country, I’ve seen good bucks live within 600 yards of a road for the entire hunting season.  These bucks are accustomed to human scent. They don’t freak out and change drainages like a high-country buck.  A big buck doesn’t need to see you — his nose and the heavy cover provides all he needs for escapement.  An experienced buck in cover simply moves slowly away from the scent of a hunter, or holds tight until the hunter passes.  Unless you see his tracks, you’ll never have known he was close.  

If I’ve scouted and know there is a good buck around, I never let my scent blow into the area until I know where he’s hiding.  I glass and still-hunt with the wind in my face until I’ve got him pegged.  If I don’t know where a buck is spending his time, I try to guess before getting within a half-mile of the area so I don’t pollute the area with my scent. Either scenario, I might not move more than a few hundred yards in a morning if I think there are bucks around.  The average hunters I meet cover that much ground in five minutes and is why they rarely kill bucks more than two or three years old.   

While scent eliminating products seem to work well for stationary whitetail hunters, I don’t bother in mule deer country I’m hunting on foot.  I’m too sweaty and simply don’t have the time or patience or money to have a fresh set of unscented hunting clothes ready for each day.  Most importantly I’ve learned (and am still learning) that all I need to do is obey the wind!


This six-year old (lab aged) Colorado buck weighed nearly 400 pounds on the hoof.  I took him in a small oakbrush-choked basin where I’ve seen many a good buck.  There is no way to hunt the basin until you are within about 300 yards, so I always approach it with the wind in my face.  After sneaking in there before sun-up one morning, I took a stand and watched the heavy cover.  Not an hour later, this buck appeared for a few seconds in the oakbrush jungle below.  Had I not paid attention to the wind, I would have never seen him.

Make sure you subscribe to the Rok Blog, upper right under Fitness/Other at “Subscribe to blog” so you don’t miss my next blog post in the KBMD series: Still-Hunting.  It’s one of my favorite techniques so I’ll pull together everything I’ve discussed in this post and the last two.

See you then.


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Robby Denning
Robby Denning started hunting mule deer in the late 1970’s, only missing one season in 35 years. At 25, he gave up the pursuit of all other big-game to focus on taking the best bucks possible. He began hunting the West on a DIY budget hunting an average of 30 days a year for mule deer. Robby loves the hunt as much as the kill and the entire process from research to scouting to hunting. He’s killed four bucks over 200 inches in the last 15 seasons, mostly on easily-obtained tags. He owns a public-land scouting service and runs a private-land outfitting business helping other hunters in their pursuit of deer and elk. Robby has scouted and hunted literally thousands of square miles of mule deer country and brings a wealth of knowledge about these experiences with him. To him, the weapon of choice is just a means-to-an-end and will hunt with bow, rifle, or muzzleloader – whatever it takes to create an opportunity to take a great mule deer. He is also the author of "Hunting Big Mule Deer" available on Amazon. Robby believes all of creation is from God for man to manage, respect, and through which to know its Creator


  1. I stood 5yds on a rock above the biggest buck i’ve been close to for almost three hours, wind died for a second and that sum bitch left in a hurry. Myself and the wind have a love/hate relationship during deer season.

  2. This is the area that has cost me chances at big bucks the most over the years.With the wind wrong I have never beaten there nose doesn’t matter how much scent killer you have on. I need your Patience Robby Im mr impatient.

  3. Josh, at 5 yards, you gotta blink quiet 🙂
    Hi Jim,
    I don’t feel patient. More stubborn than patient. I do know over the years as you develop your skill, patience becomes easier because you know eventually, it will pay.

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